The future of the job market that appeals to those of lower education is bleak. Though this statement may seem harsh it is easily backed when a true understanding of the future of AI has been reached. In today’s world, we look to our brightest citizens to lead the way in innovative technology. On the surface it appears that the majority of our society is excited and pleased with the advances we have made thus far. However, taking a closer look would suggest that those who fall into the “lower class” category (if we assume a society divided by classes through education, level of income, etc.) are not so enthused.
Take, for example, the uber driver from your latest trip. Whether you needed a ride to the grocery store in the middle of the day, or you needed a ride home from a night out at 3 am, there was someone driving the car you ordered through uber. In fact, there are over 1 million uber drivers whose jobs are at risk according to uber co-founder Travis Kalanick. From my experience there are two types of uber drivers; those who use uber driving as supplemental income, and those who use it as primary income. For those who use uber as their main source of income imagine how devastating it must be to know that some form of AI, a driverless car, will inevitably replace them. Imagine that this uber driver was not blessed with the opportunity to attend college and must therefor work jobs that do not require a degree. The options left for this driver are slim.
Oxford researchers Carl Frey and Michael Osborne made the observation in 2013 that approximately 47% of current jobs have the ability to be fulfilled through automation. The most important question that stems from this is as follows: What happens to the 47% of society whose jobs become automated? If we generalize that the jobs susceptible to automation are those that require lesser education (such as factory jobs, taxi drivers, and fast-food workers) then the argument that this will result in an increase in the homeless population can be made. Society operates on a basis of what is fair, and what is not. How is it fair that the less fortunate will be pushed out of their jobs by something that was created by people who were given the opportunity to obtain an education? It’s simply not.